Kathmandu: 2nd largest city of Nepal within Kathmandu Valley.
Altitude: Average 1,460 m / 4,818 ft high, elevation varies from one place to another.
Population: Approx: 1/2 Million with 45 % natives & 55 % migrants from other parts of
Located: At Baghmati Zone within mid Nepal and south of Kathmandu city.
Located south of Kathmandu city at mere distance, a sub-metropolitan city which is less crowded then Kathmandu, Patan or Lalitpur means ‘City of Arts’ where you can witness its interesting handicrafts on metals-woods and stone works with houses of intricate religious carving of both Hindu and Buddhist.
This Tour of Half Day or taking a Full Day (3 to 5 hrs) an interesting place of medieval period houses and shrines includes its own Durbar Square of Mall period.
Places of interest:
Patan famous for temples, monasteries, stupas and durbar square (royal courtyard) still exists after a period of early 6-7th Century, however the recent earthquake of 25th April and 12th May 2015 damaged few of the old building but now back into its former shapes.
Places of interest around Patan / Lalitpur city:
Patan Durbar Square
Mul Chowk (royal court yard and verandah)
Keshav Narayan Chowk
Jagat narayan Temple
Rudra Varna Mahavihar
The Ashoka Stupas
Patan Industrial Estate
Tibetan Refugee Camp
Patan Durbar Square:
Right in the center of Lalitpur, houses are of ancient Newari architecture. There are three main courtyards in the palace: Mul chowk, Sundari chowk and Keshav Narayan chowk. Mul chowk is the oldest one and is at the centre of Patan square.
Several multi sized and a multi-styled temple houses the western part of the complex. Main among these is Krishna Temple, Bhimsen Temple and the Golden Temple of Hiranya.
Mul Chowk (royal court yard and verandah:
One of famous and largest courtyards among three main chowks, the Bidya Temple is located at the center of the courtyard and the Taleju temples stand around the courtyard.
Sundari Chowk is to the south of the Mul Chowk with a sunken tank known as Tusha Hiti Mul Chowk & Taleju Temple.
Keshav Narayan Chowk:
Keshav Narayan Chowk on the northern part with Degutale temple, it is the site of the earliest Malla palace in Patan, the Chowk sits on the older foundations of a Buddhist monastery.
This temple dedicated to Hindu Lord Krishna was erected in the 17th century, considered to be the first one to be built in Shikara architecture, it commands a vital position around durbar square. The elegant shikhara-style temple is ranked as one of the gems of Durbar Square. The temple is compared with sacred Mount Meru, which is abode of the god Shiva according to Hindu scriptures.
A Buddhist temple of Mahaboudha, which is made of clay bricks, lies to the east of the Durbar Square. Hundreds of Buddha images are engraved in the bricks. The temple is known for its fine terra cotta work.
Just at rim of Drubar square lies five-storied pagoda temple of Lord Siva built by King Jayasthiti Malla, inside the temple premises a natural spring, its source the belief is from the famous glacial lake of Gosainkunda around Langtang Himal of Rasuwa district .
The golden work on the temple was added later in 1422 A.D.
On the festival of Janai Purnima (month of August), ritual bathing and fair takes place.
Jagat Narayan Temple:
Jagatnarayan temple is a tall shikhara style temple devoted to Lord Vishnu, red bricks are used for the construction. The temple also holds a fine metal statue of Garuda, Ganesh and Hanuman, all related to Hindu religion and mythology.
Rudra Varna Mahavihar:
This Buddhist monastery holds amazing collection of images and idols in metal, stone and wood. Legend holds that the Kings in the ancient times were crowned in this monastery. Many of the treasures offered by the people can be seen here even today.
The Asoka Stupas:
The Indian Emperor Asoka visited Nepal in 250 B.C and constructed four ancient stupas around four corners of Patan. The four stupas are located in Pulchowk, Lagankhel, Imatole and in Teta (way to Sano Gaon) respectively.
Patan Industrial Estate:
Located outside the city suburb near the Stupa at Lagankhel, an interesting place to visit and shopping for souvenirs, where all the handicrafts are hand made from metal, wood to stone art work includes carpet, pashmina shawl are woven here, as Patan / Lalitpur is city of beauty and arts, it will be an opportunity to observe the work and skill of craftsman and to purchase some items from this place.
Tibetan Refugee Camp:
Tibetan Refugee camp located on the south of Patan area near the only Nepal Zoo, where one can observe the happy-cheerful workers weaving carpets.
This place was established in the early 1970’s after the Chinese invasion in Tibet where a great number of Tibetan migrated here, and the Nepal Government established this place as a permanent camp or settlement for the Tibetan Refugees here you can shop souvenirs as well.